Achieving Sustainable Development Data: Where, and How?

March 16, 2017
Explainer

When it comes to implementing Agenda 2030, country partners have shared two main data and digital pain points: knowing where Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) data will come from, and how to ensure this information is useful beyond reporting.

On the first point – where does this SDG data come from? Interestingly, the network of development data is a lot more interconnected (and interdependent) than you might think. While UN Agencies are responsible for reporting on indicators globally, they often rely on national statistical offices and other ministries (of health, education, agriculture) as official country-level data sources. In addition to this network (and often in parallel), development partners, civil society, and other non-official groups also produce relevant in-country information.

So, SDG data mostly comes from the national level – often governments, sometimes other actors. The problem? As a colleague from Paris21 said, over the past decade “we have invested in producing data, not in nationally-produced data.” As a result, national statistical offices are often under-resourced, and coordination between and amongst official and non-official data producers is lagging. Save the Children — Nepal felt this lack of coordination within government, when trying to find disaggregated health statistics; Open Schools Kenya seeks to bridge the gap between “official” census and community-sourced education data; and monitoring and evaluation coordination between development partners and national governments remains mixed.

All official and non-official producers encounter challenges around data quality, methodology, and timeliness. All have valid reasons for using (or not) each other’s data. But as we’re seeking sustainable progress – progress that can be maintained by countries themselves – we need to get smarter about reducing data collection duplications, and coordinating investments and use.

With these coordination challenges – and the wealth of development-relevant data that exists – how can we turn 230 indicators into evidence-based decision-making? The answer: it’s complex. We’ve heard from country partners that resources (financial and human), capacities (human and technical), and enabling environments – high-level expectations that data should be used to inform programming – are crucial (and often missing) to ensure information is used.

Technology is not the solution to sustainable development programming. However, it can help turn data into information, and information into action. Tools that support data management — from Excel-based toolkits to enterprise Information Management Systems — can help “democratize” access to information. Technologies that can build upon existing databases, like GIS or data visualizations, can help draw out insights, and bridge the “techie/non-techie” divide. Finally, these management and analysis tools can turn data into an understandable narrative for data-driven leaders, and help citizens understand (and demand!) policy change.

Now that we know the how and the where – what’s next? At DG, we’re working with country partners to better coordinate and use data for decision-making; we’re also building out a portfolio of tools for national and sub-national officials seeking to do more with development data. Stay tuned over the coming weeks as we continue exploring how we can push the bounds of digital and data for development.

Image: United Nations Development Programme CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

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