Since November 2018, Development Gateway (DG) has led the Visualizing Insights on Fertilizer for African Agriculture (VIFAA) program, a four-year partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. VIFAA is working to address the supply, demand, and use of fertilizer data at both country and regional levels. To do so, we’re focusing on cross-stakeholder collaboration, filling key data gaps, co-designing dashboards, and supporting data use change management across Kenya and two other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Understanding and addressing key data – and data use – gaps
Kicking off the program in Kenya, the VIFAA team has been hard at work developing a prototype of the Kenya fertilizer dashboard homepage. Last month, the VIFAA Kenya team brought together fertilizer stakeholders from across national government, private sector, development partners (DPs), and research institutions to gather feedback on the dashboard. This stakeholder meeting followed up on the VIFAA Kenya kick-off workshop held earlier this summer. Across VIFAA, we’re driving a continuous effort to consult country stakeholders every step of the way to understand and address key data – and data use – gaps.
A workshop tailored to meet stakeholders’ decision-making needs
We focused on ensuring that participants understood the overarching technical approach to dashboard development, including the technical requirements behind calculating and visualizing key indicators, chart filters, and layout. The complete dashboard will include visualizations of 12 shortlisted indicators co-designed with stakeholders in the kick-off meeting – prioritizing key elements like price and production information, product availability and diversity, and consumption data. We also collected feedback on whether design choices for each indicator can effectively inform the use cases previously identified by the participants.
For example, we knew that participants would benefit greatly from monthly import data on all fertilizer products. This would support all stakeholders in import and logistics planning, particularly in the private sector and local government, and would support the national government in subsidy planning.
Participants confirmed that the stacked bar chart DG created addresses these needs, to compare fertilizer quantities imported across different months and years. They can also compare differences in total fertilizer imported across years, and complement this information with crop productivity data to review the effects of fertilizer use.
Design Improvements for User Engagement
The Kenya fertilizer dashboard currently showcases four graphics: fertilizer cost build-up, a breakdown of various import and distribution costs for moving a product from port to a given hub; fertilizer use by crop, the application rate of fertilizers by county and crop type; monthly fertilizer imports, the quantity of fertilizer products available; and annual subsidized fertilizer imports, the percent of product imported for government subsidy versus the open market. In sharing the graphics with stakeholders, we collected feedback to improve the visualizations’ ease of use, ease of interpretation, and usefulness.
We’ll employ useful feedback from the stakeholder meeting to iterate on the user interface. For example, we’ll add tooltips to help users better understand functionalities, and simplify some graphics to further align with user priorities.
Since the kickoff workshop and the feedback meeting, VIFAA participant engagement and project ownership remains strong. Participants also requested to be involved in ensuring tool sustainability. Moving forward, they’ll help us map out data sources to fill remaining data gaps, and will be key to building our engagement strategy for target users.
Continuous stakeholder engagement is key not only at the beginning, but throughout the process. For example, in November we will consult stakeholders on next steps for addressing the data gaps we identified in the last workshop – including data source ownership and accessibility.
The door is open throughout the process, not only in initial tool design. And in the meantime before the next stakeholder meeting, we’re continuing to develop and iterate on the dashboard, incorporating feedback from the September meeting and staying in step with stakeholders to meet their specific needs.
As we review our strategy, we plan to share here much of what we’ve learned through programming in more than a dozen countries – from our work and from our excellent partners – about the state of data in agriculture, tobacco control, open contracting, and the extractive industries. For each theme, we’ll explore who are the key data users, the decisions they make, the most important data gaps, and the crucial risks of data (mis)use. Here we share previews from some of our flagship programs.
DG and the Government of Nyandarua County have signed an MOU to create an Open Contracting Portal. This portal will track the Government of Nyandarua’s procurement process, make key data publicly available, and use analytics dashboards in order to learn from ongoing data trends.
With support from DCDJ, local youth in Côte d’Ivoire organized a successful mapathon to get community resources, landmarks, and risk zones in Daloa – particularly those relevant to young people – on the map. Through the process, they acquired new skills including OSM tracker to develop map layers, how to collect local data, and how to communicate results stored in a new database developed through the program.